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  1. Are 5m public sector workers getting a pay rise?

    Reality Check

    In an exchange about whether workers should ask for pay rises, the prime minister told MPs: "Under this government five million public sector workers are getting a pay rise."

    Chancellor Rishi Sunak confirmed in his Budget in October that the government was ending the public sector pay freeze that it had announced in November 2020.

    There are an estimated 5.7 million people working in the public sector.

    Their pay is based on recommendations from pay review bodies, which have not yet reported.

    That means we do not know how much pay will be increasing, but it is unlikely that it will be above inflation.

    This morning's figures showed prices have risen 9.1% in the last year.

  2. Fact-checking transport secretary’s claim about pay

    Reality Check

    Talking about the RMT strikes on BBC Breakfast, Grant Shapps said the median salary “for the whole of the railways” was £44,000.

    The RMT union disputes this figure because it includes train drivers, who belong to a different union, and does not include cleaners, 10,000 of whom belong to the RMT.

    When challenged on this, Shapps said the figure was “including the cleaners… these are factual figures”.

    But he is mistaken.

    The £44,000 figure comes from the Office for National Statistics, which bases it on five categories of workers:

    • Rail travel assistants, including ticket collectors, guards and information staff
    • Rail construction and maintenance operatives, who lay and repair tracks
    • Rail transport operatives, including signallers and drivers' assistants
    • Train and tram drivers
    • Rail and rolling stock builders and repairers.

    The ONS publishes detailed definitions of these categories and none of them mentions cleaning.

    You can read more about how much railway workers are paid here.

  3. Exchanging claims about growth

    Reality Check

    Earlier during PMQs, Labour leader Keir Starmer asked why "Britain is set for lower growth than every major economy except Russia".

    The prime minister responded that "in addition to the fastest growth in the G7 last year we're going to have the second fastest this year and we will return to the top of the table."

    In 2021, the UK grew by 7.4%, which was the fastest in the G7, following its 9.3% contraction the previous year, which was the biggest decline in the G7.

    In 2022, the IMF forecasts the UK will have 3.7% growth, the joint second highest in the G7 (behind Canada).

    Mr Starmer was referring to the forecasts for 2023, when the OECD predicts zero growth. Of G20 economies, only Russia is expected to do worse - it's expected to contract this year and next.

  4. Are taxes being cut?

    Reality Check

    Boris Johnson told MPs: "We're cutting taxes... for everyone who pays National Insurance contributions by an average of £330 just next month."

    The £330 cut is a result of the point at which people start to pay national insurance rising from earnings of £9,570 to £12,570 a year.

    But the reductions, which come into force in July, will be smaller than the increases in taxes the chancellor announced in the previous year.

    And we know from the government’s independent forecaster the Office for Budget Responsibility that the overall tax burden is going to rise from 33% of GDP (a measure of the size of the economy) in 2019-20 to 36.3% of GDP in 2026-27, which is the highest since the late 1940s.

    You can read more about it here.

  5. Is Boris Johnson right on nurse numbers?

    Reality Check

    Defending his record on the NHS, the prime minister told MPs: "We have 11,800 more nurses this year than last year".

    He's roughly right. Latest figures show 321,018 full-time equivalent NHS nurses and health visitors in England in February 2022.

    If we compare this to February 2021 – when NHS nurse numbers were 309,630 – there are now 11,388 more nurses.

    In 2019, the Conservatives pledged 50,000 more nurses in England by March 2025.

    By February 2022, there were 24,295 more nurses than in December 2019, leaving a further 25,705 posts to fill in the next three years.

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